Balkan Gagauz Turkish
Balkan Gagauz, or Rumelian Turkish, is a Turkic language spoken in European Turkey, in Dulovo and the Deliorman area in Bulgaria and in the Kumanovo and Bitola areas of North Macedonia. Dialects include Gajal, Gerlovo Turk, Karamanli, Kyzylbash, Surguch, Tozluk Turk, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk), Prizren and Macedonian Gagauz. Although it is mutually intelligible with both Gagauz and Turkish to a considerable degree, it is usually classified as a separate language due to foreign influences from neighboring languages spoken in the Balkans. The language is believed to have originated after the remaining Bulgar, Cuman, and Pecheneg tribes around the Balkans got influenced by Bulgarian, Byzantine and Ottoman rule.
Seven varieties have been accorded ISO 639-3 language codes: Danubian, Gajol, Gerlovo Turks, Kyzylbash, Razgrad, Surguch, Tozluk Turks.
Population total all countries: 331,000 without children (Johnstone 1993), 418,000 (cited 2014).