Greek New Testament
The first published edition of the Greek New Testament, the Novum Instrumentum omne, was produced by Erasmus in 1516. Modern translations of the Greek New Testament are mostly based on the Novum Testamentum Graece, which is the Nestle-Aland versions of the Greek New Testament, currently in its 28th revision, abbreviated NA28.
These versions of the Greek New Testament come primarily from the Alexandrian text-type manuscripts and fragments in place of the Byzantine or Textus Receptus Koine Greek text, in an effort begun by Brooke Foss Westcott (1825–1901) and Fenton Hort (1828–1892).
There are multiple Greek copies of the New Testament Byzantine text-types, used by the Greek Orthodox Church. There exist multiple copies of the New Testament Textus Receptus, the basis of the King James Version of the New Testament.
Greek text versions are used as the basis for most modern copyrighted English translations of the New Testament, with their chief foundations being:
- the New Testament text of the Codex Sinaiticus, an Alexandrian text-type manuscript version of the Bible written in the 4th century in uncial letters on parchment, which lacks many passages found in the Byzantine text-type and Textus Receptus; and
- the New Testament of the Codex Vaticanus an Alexandrian text-type manuscript version of the Bible, which ends at Hebrews 9:14 and does not have many passages found in the Byzantine text-type and Textus Receptus.
- Aramaic New Testament
- Hebrew Gospel hypothesis
- Language of the New Testament
- New Testament manuscript
- Western text-type