Hemispheres of Earth

The division of Earth by the Equator and the prime meridian
Map roughly depicting the Eastern and Western hemispheres

In geography and cartography, the hemispheres of Earth refer to any division of the globe into two hemispheres (from Ancient Greek ἡμισφαίριον hēmisphairion, meaning "half of a sphere").

The most common such divisions are by latitudinal or longitudinal markers:

The East–West division can also be seen in a cultural and religious sense, as a division into two cultural and religious hemispheres.

However, other schemes have sought to divide the planet in a way that maximizes the preponderance of one geographic feature or another in each division:

  • Land–Water
    • Land Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest possible area of land
    • Water Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest possible area of water
The Land Hemisphere
The Land Hemisphere
The Water Hemisphere
The Water Hemisphere
The Land Hemisphere is at the top, and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom.
The Land Hemisphere is at the top, and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom.
The Land Hemisphere is at the top and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom
The Land Hemisphere is at the top and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom

Earth may also be split into hemispheres of day and night by the terrestrial terminator.

See also

External links

Media related to Earth's hemispheres at Wikimedia Commons

Uses material from the Wikipedia article Hemispheres of Earth, released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.