Institut de France

The Institut de France (French pronunciation: ​[ɛ̃stity də fʁɑ̃s], Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five académies, including the Académie Française.

The Institute, located in Paris, manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as museums and châteaux open for visit. It also awards prizes and subsidies, which amounted to a total of over 27 million per year in 2017. Most of these prizes are awarded by the Institute on the recommendation of the académies.

History

Cupola of the Institut de France
Esplanade in front of the Institut, 1898

The building was originally constructed as the Collège des Quatre-Nations by Cardinal Mazarin, as a school for students from new provinces attached to France under Louis XIV. The inscription over the façade reads "JUL. MAZARIN S.R.E. CARD BASILICAM ET GYMNAS F.C.A M.D.C.LXI", attesting that Mazarin ordered its construction in 1661.

The Institut de France was established on 25 October 1795, by the French government.

In 2017, Xavier Darcos was named the Institut de France's chancellor.

Académies

A plaque on the northern wall of the Institut de France shows the ancient location of the Tour de Nesle

Influence

The Royal Society of Canada, initiated 1882, was modeled after the Institut de France and the Royal Society of London.

The Lebanese Academy of Sciences, known officially by its French name "Académie des Sciences du Liban" (ASL), is broadly fashioned after the French Academy of Sciences, with which it continues to develop joint programs.

See also

External links

Uses material from the Wikipedia article Institut de France, released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.