Institut de France
The Institute, located in Paris, manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as museums and châteaux open for visit. It also awards prizes and subsidies, which amounted to a total of over €27 million per year in 2017. Most of these prizes are awarded by the Institute on the recommendation of the académies.
The building was originally constructed as the Collège des Quatre-Nations by Cardinal Mazarin, as a school for students from new provinces attached to France under Louis XIV. The inscription over the façade reads "JUL. MAZARIN S.R.E. CARD BASILICAM ET GYMNAS F.C.A M.D.C.LXI", attesting that Mazarin ordered its construction in 1661.
The Institut de France was established on 25 October 1795, by the French government.
In 2017, Xavier Darcos was named the Institut de France's chancellor.
- Académie française (French Academy, concerning the French language) – initiated 1635, suppressed 1793, restored 1803 as a division of the institute.
- Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres (Academy of Humanities) – initiated 1663.
- Académie des sciences (Academy of Sciences) – initiated 1666.
- Académie des beaux-arts (Academy of Fine Arts) – created 1816 as the merger of the
- Académie des sciences morales et politiques (Academy of Moral and Political Sciences) – initiated 1795, suppressed 1803, reestablished 1832.
The Lebanese Academy of Sciences, known officially by its French name "Académie des Sciences du Liban" (ASL), is broadly fashioned after the French Academy of Sciences, with which it continues to develop joint programs.
- Media related to Institut de France at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in French)
- Notes on the Institut de France from the Scholarly Societies project