The Vilayet of Manastir (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت مناستر, romanized: Vilâyet-i Manastır) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, created in 1874, dissolved in 1877 and re-established in 1879. The vilayet was occupied during the First Balkan War in 1912 and divided between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Serbia, with some parts later becoming part of the newly established Principality of Albania.
Initially the Manastir Vilayet had the following sanjaks:
Administrative divisions of Manastir Vilayet until 1912:
- Sanjak of Manastir: Kazas of Manastir (Bitola), Pirlepe (Prilep), Florina, Kıraçova (Kičevo) and Ohrid.
- Sanjak of Serfiğe (Between 1864-1867 and 1873–1892): Kazas of Serfiçe (modern Servia), Kozana (modern Kozani), Alasonya (modern Elasson), Kayalar (Ptolemaida), Nasliç (modern Neapolis, Kozani) and Grebne (modern Grevena).
- Sanjak of Dibra: Kazas of Debre-i Bala (Debar), Mat, Debre-i Zir (Its center was Piskopoya), Rakalar (region around river Radika (its local name is River region (Macedonian: Река).
- Sanjak of Elbasan (İlbasan): Kazas of İlbasan, Grameç and Peklin.
- Sanjak of Görice: Kazas of Görice (Korçë), İstarova (Pogradec), Kolonya (Erseke) (Its center was Ersek) and Kesriye (Kastoria).
According to Russian consul in the Manastir Vilayet, A. Rostkovski, finishing the statistical article in 1897, the total population was 803,340, with Rostkovski grouping the population into the following groups:[verification needed]
- Turks, Ottomans: 78,867
- Albanians, Ghegs: 144,918
- Albanians, Tosks: 81,518
- Albanians, Christians: 35,525
- Slavs, Exarchists: 186,656
- Slavs, Patriarchists: 93,694
- Slavs, Muslims: 11,542
- Greeks, Christians: 97,439
- Greeks, Muslims: 10,584
- Vlachs (Aromanians): 53,227
- Jews: 5,270
According to the 1906/07 Ottoman census the vilayet had a total population of 824,828 people, ethnically consisting as:
- Muslims - 328,551
- Christian Greeks - 286,001
- Christian Bulgarians - 197,088
- Wallachians - 5,556
- Jews - 5,459
- Gypsies - 2,104
- Armenians - 8
- Protestants - 5
- Latins - 3
- Foreign citizens - 53
According to an estimation published in a Belgian magazine, the ethnic composition in 1912 when the vilayet was dissolved during the First Balkan War was:
- Orthodox Bulgarians - 331,000
- Muslim Albanians - 219,000
- Orthodox Vlachs - 65,500
- Orthodox Greeks - 62,000
- Muslim Bulgarians - 24,000
- Muslim Turks - 11,500
- mixed - 35,000
During the Balkan Wars (1912-1913), the Serb military were responsible for 80 percent of the destruction of Muslim villages in Monastir vilayet.
- Media related to Monastir Vilayet at Wikimedia Commons