Manastir Vilayet

The Vilayet of Manastir (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت مناستر‎, romanized: Vilâyet-i Manastır) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, created in 1874, dissolved in 1877 and re-established in 1879. The vilayet was occupied during the First Balkan War in 1912 and divided between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Serbia, with some parts later becoming part of the newly established Principality of Albania.

Administrative divisions

Ottoman map from 1907, showing the vilayet's five sanjaks
Table of the quantity and composition of the gendarmerie in the Bitola Vilayet (Bitola, July 22, 1904)

Initially the Manastir Vilayet had the following sanjaks:

After administrative reforms in 1867 and 1877 some parts of the Manastir Vilayet were ceded to newly established Scutari Vilayet (1867) and Kosovo Vilayet (1877).

Administrative divisions of Manastir Vilayet until 1912:

Demographics

1897

According to Russian consul in the Manastir Vilayet, A. Rostkovski, finishing the statistical article in 1897, the total population was 803,340, with Rostkovski grouping the population into the following groups:[verification needed]

  • Turks, Ottomans: 78,867
  • Albanians, Ghegs: 144,918
  • Albanians, Tosks: 81,518
  • Albanians, Christians: 35,525
  • Slavs, Exarchists: 186,656
  • Slavs, Patriarchists: 93,694
  • Slavs, Muslims: 11,542
  • Greeks, Christians: 97,439
  • Greeks, Muslims: 10,584
  • Vlachs (Aromanians): 53,227
  • Jews: 5,270

1906/07

According to the 1906/07 Ottoman census the vilayet had a total population of 824,828 people, ethnically consisting as:

  • Muslims - 328,551
  • Christian Greeks - 286,001
  • Christian Bulgarians - 197,088
  • Wallachians - 5,556
  • Jews - 5,459
  • Gypsies - 2,104
  • Armenians - 8
  • Protestants - 5
  • Latins - 3
  • Foreign citizens - 53

1912

According to an estimation published in a Belgian magazine, the ethnic composition in 1912 when the vilayet was dissolved during the First Balkan War was:

During the Balkan Wars (1912-1913), the Serb military were responsible for 80 percent of the destruction of Muslim villages in Monastir vilayet.

External links

Uses material from the Wikipedia article Manastir Vilayet, released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.