Otay Mesa, San Diego
It is bordered by the Otay River Valley and the city of Chula Vista on the north; Interstate 805 and the neighborhoods of Ocean View Hills and San Ysidro on the west; unincorporated San Diego County on the north and east including East Otay Mesa and the San Ysidro Mountains; and the Otay Centenario borough of Tijuana, Mexico on the south.
Major thoroughfares include Otay Mesa Road/California State Route 905, Otay Valley Road/Heritage Road, Siempre Viva Road, and California State Route 125. Otay Mesa is the second-least walkable neighborhood of San Diego.
Otay is derived from the Kumeyaay language. Although its meaning is disputed, possible derivations include "otai", meaning "brushy"; "Tou-ti" meaning "big mountain"; or "etaay" meaning "big". Mesa is the Spanish word for plateau, table or tableland.
Aviation pioneer John J. Montgomery made the first controlled flights in the western hemisphere using a series of gliders from the west rim of Otay Mesa in 1883/1884.
The area which now includes Otay Mesa was annexed from San Diego County along with other portions of South San Diego in 1957. Additional annexation of almost four thousand acres was approved in 1985.
Since 2010, seven cross-border tunnels have been found linking Warehouses in Otay Mesa with entry points within Mexico.
The Otay Mesa Port of Entry is one of two border crossings within the city of San Diego, the other being the San Ysidro Port of Entry six miles to the west. Trucks are generally instructed to use the border crossing in Otay Mesa instead of the San Ysidro one. Otay Mesa also houses an immigration detention center.
The Cross Border Xpress (CBX) is a terminal serving and a pedestrian bridge crossing to the main terminal of Tijuana International Airport. This crossing has a 45,000-square-foot (4,200 m2) facility in Otay Mesa. It was established by Otay-Tijuana Ventures LLC and had a cost of $78 million and opened in 2015. CBX makes Tijuana Airport the world's first geographically binational airport, because unlike the binational airports serving the Swiss cities of Basel (entirely on French territory) and Geneva (entirely on Swiss territory), the CBX terminal is physically located in the United States but serves an airport whose main terminal and runways are in Mexico.
Other landmarks and facilities
Located 1.5 miles north of the Mexico-United States Border, is the 603 megawatt Otay Mesa Energy Center, which came online in 2009. This power plant will be joined with the Pio Pico Energy Center peaker, which will generate an additional 300 megawatts.
Pacific Gateway Park is located between Otay Mesa Road and the international border.
Five major law-enforcement facilities are located in an unincorporated area in the Otay Mesa region:
- the state's Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility
- the federal San Diego Correctional Facility privately operated by the Corrections Corporation of America
- the George Bailey County Detention facility
- the East Mesa Detention facility, operated by the City of San Diego
- and a multi-jurisdictional law enforcement firearms training complex used by the FBI, the Customs Service, and local police forces
Public schools in and near Otay Mesa include:
- Finney Elementary School
- Juarez Lincon Elementary School
- Los Altos Elementary School
- Howard Pence Elementary School
- Silverwing Elementary School
- San Ysidro Elementary School
- Montgomery Middle School
- Montgomery High School
- San Ysidro High School
- Otay Mesa community profile, city of San Diego
- Bureau of Transportation Statistics - Border Crossing/Entry Data
- Trans-Border Institute at the University of San Diego
- Mesa de Otay Delegation, Tijuana, Mexico (In Spanish)