President of Costa Rica
The President of the Republic of Costa Rica is the head of state and head of government of Costa Rica. The president is currently elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two vice presidents are elected in the same ticket with the president. The president appoints the Council of Ministers. Due to the abolition of the military of Costa Rica in 1948, the president is not a commander-in-chief, unlike the norm in most other countries, although the Constitution does describe him as commander-in-chief of the civil defense public forces.
From 1969 to 2005, the president was barred from seeking reelection. After the amendment banning reelection was overturned by the Supreme Court in 2005, an incumbent president became eligible to run again after waiting for at least eight years after leaving office.
The President of Costa Rica is elected using a modified two-round system in which a candidate must receive at least 40% of the vote to win in the first round; if no candidate wins in the first round, a runoff is held between the two candidates with the largest number of votes.
According to Article 131 of the Constitution, The following is required to be president or vice president of the Republic:
Attributes and duties
According to article 139 of the Constitution of Costa Rica, are exclusive attributes of the president:
Article 140 gives the president the following duties alongside the respective minister:
The Constitution also establishes limitations on the president's powers which can be prosecuted if broken.
List of presidents of Costa Rica
Living former presidents
There are seven living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Luis Alberto Monge (1982–1986), on November 29, 2016.
Rafael Ángel Calderón,
March 14, 1949
José María Figueres,
December 24, 1954
Miguel Ángel Rodríguez,
January 8, 1940
December 22, 1933
served 1986–1990 and 2006–2010
September 13, 1940
March 28, 1959
Luis Guillermo Solís
April 25, 1958