Veles, North Macedonia
Under Turkish rule it became a township (kaza) called Köprülü in the Üsküp sanjak (one of the administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire). From 1877 to 1912 the sandjak was part of the Kosovo vilayet. It played an important part in Ottoman history, as it was where six Grand Viziers hailed, and is still known as Köprülü in Turkish. In Albanian it is known as Qyprill, for the same reason as the Turkish variant.
From 1929 to 1941, Veles was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, the city was known as Titov Veles after Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito, but the 'Titov' was removed in 1996. Cars registered in Veles were identified by the code TV (Titov Veles), which was changed as late as 2000 to VE.
The area of present-day Veles has been inhabited for over a millennium. In antiquity, it was a Paionian city called Bylazora, and contained a substantial population of Thracians and possibly Illyrians. It was then part of the Byzantine Empire, and at times the First and Second Bulgarian Empire. It became part of the Kingdom of Serbia at the end of the 13th century, while during the Serbian Empire (1345–71) it was an estate of Jovan Oliver and subsequently the Mrnjavčević family until Ottoman annexation after the Battle of Rovine (1395). Before the Balkan Wars, it was a township (kaza) with the name Köprülü, part of the Sanjak of Üsküp.
Some identify Veles with the Velitza of which Saint Clement of Ohrid was bishop.
The Annuario Pontificio identifies Veles instead with the Diocese of Bela, a suffragan of the Metropolitan Latin Archdiocese of Achrida (Ohrid) in Bulgaria, and lists it, as no longer a residential diocese, among the Latin titular bishoprics. It is probably in Bosnia and Hercegovina (modern Velika?).
Throughout North Macedonia Veles is known as an industrial center and recently, as a leader in the implementing of IT in the local administration in North Macedonia.
Veles is a place of poetry, culture, history and tradition, as well as a city with plentiful and precious cultural heritage and centuries old churches.
Veles is a municipality of 55,000 residents. The geographic location of the city of Veles makes it suitable for hiking and camping, especially at the west side of the city. One such location is the tranquil village Bogomila. Nearby there is the man made lake Mladost, which is known as the city's recreational centre.
Veles made international news in 2016 when it was revealed that a group of teenagers in the city were controlling over 100 websites producing fake news articles in support of U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump, which were heavily publicised on the social media site Facebook.
Two TV stations operate in Veles -Channel 21 & Zdravkin- and many radio stations.
Veles has many sports teams, the most popular of which are :
- FK Borec, football
- FK Gemidžii, football
- FK Prevalec, football
- RK Borec, handball
- BK Borec, wrestling
- KK Unibasket, basketball
Twin towns – sister cities
Veles (city) is twinned with three other Balkanic towns :
Other forms of partnership :
- Pula (Croatia) (Document of friendship and cultural cooperation in 2002)
- History, royalty and politics
- Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed, Ottoman grand vizier
- Gheorghe Ghica, Prince of Moldavia
- Metodi Aleksiev, revolutionary
- Jovan Babunski, Chetnik vojvoda
- Panko Brashnarov, revolutionary
- Ilija Dimovski, former member of the Assembly of North Macedonia
- Igor Janusev, general secretary of VMRO-DPMNE, member of the Assembly of North Macedonia
- Vasil Glavinov, revolutionary
- Ivan Naumov, revolutionary
- Kole Nedelkovski, revolutionary
- Kazım Özalp, Turkish military office
- Faik Pasha, general of the Ottoman Army
- Jordan Popjordanov, revolutionary
- Mile Pop Yordanov, revolutionary
- Lazar Petrović, Serbian general and adjutant of King Aleksandar Obrenović
- Bobby Stojanov Varga, painter
- Kočo Racin, writer
- Rayko Zhinzifov, poet
- Svetozar Ristovski, film director
- Yordan Hadzhikonstantinov-Dzhinot, teacher and publicist
- Zivko Prendzov, art graphic