Attorney General of California
The Attorney General of California is the state attorney general of the Government of California. The officer's duty is to ensure that "the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced" (Constitution of California, Article V, Section 13). The California attorney general carries out the responsibilities of the office through the California Department of Justice. The department employs over 1,100 attorneys and 3,700 non-attorney employees.
The California attorney general is elected to a four-year term, with a maximum of two terms. The election is held at the same statewide election as the governor, lieutenant governor, controller, secretary of state, treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, and insurance commissioner.
- As the state's chief law officer, ensures that the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced.
- Heads the Department of Justice, which is responsible for providing state legal services and support for local law enforcement.
- Acts as the chief counsel in state litigation.
- Oversees law enforcement agencies, including district attorneys and sheriffs.
Although the office of attorney general dates to the admission of California to the Union, the office in its modern form dates to Proposition 4 of 1934, sponsored by Alameda County District Attorney Earl Warren as one of four initiatives he sponsored to substantially reform law enforcement and the judiciary. Previously, the attorney general lacked jurisdiction over matters in the jurisdiction of locally elected district attorneys and sheriffs. Warren went on to become attorney general himself in 1938, reorganizing's the state's law enforcement into districts.
- Stanley Mosk was the first adherent of Judaism to hold the office.
- George Deukmejian was the first Armenian American to hold the office.
- Kamala Harris was the first woman, the first Asian American, and the first African American to hold the office.
- Xavier Becerra was the first Latino to hold the office.
List of attorneys general of California
- Major other offices held
- Kamala Harris – 2011–2017, Current Vice President of the United States (2021-present); District Attorney for the City and County of San Francisco (2004–2011); U.S. Senator from California (2017–2021)
- Xavier Becerra - 2017 -, Secretary of Health and Human Services (Nominee)
- Jerry Brown – 2007–2011, Governor of California (1975–1983; 2011–2019); Mayor of Oakland (1999–2007); Presidential candidate (1976; 1992)
- George Deukmejian – 1979–1983, Governor of California (1983–91)
- Stanley Mosk – 1959–1964, Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court (1964–2001)
- Pat Brown – 1951–1959, Governor of California (1959–1967); District Attorney for the City and County of San Francisco (1944-50)
- Earl Warren – 1939–1943, Chief Justice of the United States (1953–1969); Governor of California (1943–1953); District Attorney of Alameda County (1925–1939)
- Ulysses S. Webb – 1902–1939, longest serving at 37 years