Geographic data and information
Geographic data and information is defined in the ISO/TC 211 series of standards as data and information having an implicit or explicit association with a location relative to Earth (a geographic location or geographic position).
It is also called geospatial data and information, georeferenced data and information, as well as geodata and geoinformation.
Approximately 90% of government sourced data has a location component. Location information (known by the many names mentioned here) is stored in a geographic information system (GIS).
Fields of study
Geographic data and information are the subject of a number of overlapping fields of study, mainly:
This is in addition to other more specific branches, such as:
- Remote sensing
- Spatial data analysis
- Roger A. Longhorn and Michael Blakemore (2007), Geographic Information: Value, Pricing, Production, and Consumption, CRC Press.
- Media related to Geographic data and information at Wikimedia Commons