Guthred

Guthred or Guthfrith (Old Norse: Guðrøðr; Latin: Guthfridus, Guthrethus, etc. died 24 August 895 AD) was the king of Viking Northumbria from circa 883 until his death.

Life

Kings of Northumbria in the Norse era

The first known king of Viking York, Halfdan, was expelled in 877. In c. 883, Symeon of Durham's History of the Kings simply states, "Guthred, from a slave, was made king", but his History of the Church of Durham gives a longer account. Here he writes that after Halfdan was driven out:

It is not clear whether Guthfrith was a Christian, but his relations with the community of Saint Cuthbert, which was a major force in the former Bernicia, and which had lain outside the influence of Halfdan, whose authority was limited to the former Deira—approximately Yorkshire—were good. He granted much land between the River Tyne and the River Wear to the community. This had once belonged to the Wearmouth-Jarrow monastery, and formed the core lands of the church of Durham. Other lands, at the mouth of the River Tees, Guthred allowed Eadred to purchase for the church.

Symeon recounts that Guthred faced a large invasion by the Scots, which was defeated with the aid of Saint Cuthbert.

Death

Guthred died on 24 August 895 (or perhaps 894) and was buried at York Minster.

Æthelweard the historian, whose tenth-century Chronicon is a more reliable source for this period than the later works of Symeon,[according to whom?] records that in 895:

Cultural depictions

Literature

Guthred appears as a character in Bernard Cornwell's The Saxon Stories series, figuring particularly in The Lords of the North (2006).

Television

He is portrayed by Thure Lindhardt in the TV adaptation, The Last Kingdom.

Video games

In Total War Saga: Thrones of Britannia, Guthred (spelled Guthfrid in the game) leads the playable faction of Northymbre.

References

External links

Uses material from the Wikipedia article Guthred, released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.