Manchester City Region
The Greater Manchester City Region, commonly just the Manchester City Region and sometimes the Greater Manchester Statutory City Region, is a combined authority region in England, consisting of Greater Manchester and five boroughs, roughly the historic county of Lancashire's eastern parts. It is under the strategic governance of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority, officially designated on 1 April 2011 and has a population of 3,363,555 according to figures from the office for national statistics (2011)
The Manchester City Region initially appeared as one of eight city regions defined in the 2004 strategic document Moving Forward: The Northern Way, as a collaboration between three regional development agencies. It encompassed the ten districts of Greater Manchester and five neighbouring local government districts, and was suggested as an effective administrative metropolitan area that could share resources and stimulate economic growth in northern England. In the late 2000s, the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities (AGMA) began actively lobbying for a statutory local government framework for the Manchester City Region in exchange for greater autonomy from the UK central government. They used the term 'Manchester City Region' as a synonym for 'Greater Manchester' (a metropolitan county), and excluded neighbouring districts. Following the 2009 United Kingdom Budget, the city region—abridged to the ten districts of Greater Manchester—was announced as a pilot region which could establish a formal corporate strategic government with powers comparable with the Greater London Authority. AGMA agreed to the creation of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority in March 2010; on 1 April 2011 the combined authority was established.
Between the publication of the Moving Forward: The Northern Way in 2004, through to the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, the Manchester City Region encompassed fifteen local government districts: the cities of Manchester and Salford plus the metropolitan boroughs of Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale and Wigan , together with the boroughs of High Peak, Warrington and the former boroughs of Congleton, Macclesfield and Vale Royal.
Since the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities has used the term 'Manchester City Region' as a synonym for Greater Manchester, describing it as "a highly coherent single economic region", with reference to the "ten districts of the city region". AGMA have published that in their literature "‘Manchester’ and ‘city region’ are used to refer to Greater Manchester, which is the ten local authority Districts of Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Manchester, Rochdale, Stockport, Salford, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan".
The Greater Manchester Statutory City Region was announced in the 2009 United Kingdom Budget as one of two such pilot city regions in the UK (the other being the Leeds City Region). Once created, it saw the ten metropolitan borough councils of Greater Manchester banding together as a combined authority to pool resources over skills, housing, transport and economic development, in exchange for greater powers from the UK central government.